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Showing results 31-34 of 34 for 'Metabolism'

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    Genetics or Lifestyle: What Is It That Shapes Our Microbiome?

    The question of nature vs. nurture extends to our microbiome – the personal complement of mostly friendly bacteria we carry around with us. Study after study has found that our microbiome affects nearly every aspect of our health, and that the composition of our microbes, which varies from individual to individual, may hold the key to everything from weight gain to mood. Some microbiome researchers had suggested that this variation begins with differences in our genes, but a large-scale study conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science challenges this idea and provides evidence that the connection between microbiome and health may be even more important than we thought.

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    Environment, Not Genetics, Primarily Shapes Microbiome Composition

    Environment plays a much greater role than host genetics in determining the composition of the human gut microbiome, according to a study published today (February 28) in Nature. And including microbiome characteristics when predicting people’s traits, such as cholesterol levels or obesity, makes those estimates more accurate than only personal history, such as diet, age, gender, and quality of life, the study finds.

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    The Germs That Love Diet Soda

    A <em>New York Times</em> op-ed looks at the work of scientists – including Profs. Eran Elinav and Eran Segal – who are revealing the negative health effects of artificial sweeteners, such as those in diet soda.